Understanding Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a digestive disorder that hinders the body from absorbing
nutrients from food. Individuals who have celiac disease are unable to
tolerate gluten - a protein found in wheat, rye, barley and other foods.
If you have celiac disease and eat gluten, your body may react by damaging
or destroy the villi in your small intestine. Simply put, villi allow
your body to absorb nutrients. Without it, you would become malnourished.
Thus, celiac disease involves malabsorption of nutrients and abnormal
immune reactions to foods that contain gluten.
Signs and Symptoms
Every case of celiac disease is different. Even still, there are a variety
of symptoms associated with the disease. People with celiac disease may
experience abnormal bloating and pain in the abdominal region, chronic
diarrhea, vomiting, constipation and unexplainable weight loss. Other
symptoms include bone and joint pain, seizures, miss menstrual periods,
infertility, recurrent miscarriage, canker sores, skin rashes, depression,
anxiety, and numbness in the hands and feet. Symptoms for celiac disease
are extremely varied and may be affected by the age and other factors.
If celiac disease isn't treated properly, long-term complications may
develop. If you have celiac disease, you may be at a greater risk of developing
type 1 diabetes, autoimmune thyroid disease, autoimmune liver disease,
rheumatoid arthritis or Addison's disease. Celiac disease may be diagnosed
through blood tests, and intestinal biopsy or other forms of screening.
Additionally, there are a variety of treatment options.
Most commonly, celiac disease is treated by a gluten-free diet. Individuals
with celiac disease may be able to consult with a dietitian or health
professional to help them create an effective diet plan to avoid long-term
complications. If you have experienced multiple pregnancy losses and other
symptoms related to celiac disease, call Braverman IVF & Reproductive
Immunology today to see what Dr. Braverman can do for you.